Short Definition of Domestic Worker

In Guatemala, it is estimated that eight per cent of all women work as domestic servants. They have little legal protection. According to Guatemalan labor law, household chores are “not subject to any law or regulation on working time on the maximum number of hours worked in a day.” [contradictory] According to the law, domestic workers are only entitled to ten hours of free time in 24 hours and one day off per week. But very often these minimum labor laws are ignored, as are fundamental civil liberties. [5] A domestic worker is a person who works in the employer`s household. Domestic workers provide a variety of housekeeping services to a person or family, ranging from caring for dependent children and the elderly to housekeeping, including cleaning and housekeeping. Other responsibilities may include cooking, laundry and ironing, grocery shopping, and other household chores. Such work still had to be done, but before the Industrial Revolution and the advent of labor-saving devices, it was physically much more difficult. Some domestic workers live in their employer`s household.

In some cases, the contribution and skills of staff whose work involved complex management tasks in large households were highly appreciated. In most cases, household chores are necessary, but difficult and undervalued. Although laws to protect domestic workers are in place in many countries, they are often not fully enforced. In many jurisdictions, household chores are poorly regulated and domestic workers face serious abuses, including slavery. In 2018 and 2019, a delegation of domestic workers participated in discussions at the International Labour Conference (ILC) on violence and harassment in the world of work; they have succeeded in enforcing an ILO Convention (C190) on the elimination of violence and harassment in the world of work. Domestic workers often have personal and intimate knowledge of their employers, but the relationship is very unequal, so many domestic workers are subject to verbal, physical or sexual abuse. Often, differences in race, class and citizenship reinforce this inequality. In addition, most of the tasks associated with household chores are considered “women`s work” and are therefore considered inferior and valuable. Tasks such as gardening, driving or guarding have a higher status and are usually performed by men. The ILO reports in its Global Estimates on Migrant Workers (2015) that population ageing, particularly in countries in Europe and North America, has led to an increased need for domestic workers to care for the elderly. During the Great Depression, many domestic workers lost their jobs. This is because many white families have lost their source of income and have been unable to pay domestic workers to work from home.

At the time, many domestic workers relied on asking strangers on the street for household chores, such as cleaning. They went home and looked for all the jobs they could get. The domestic workforce was significantly affected by the Great Depression, which led to a drop in their wages and an unbearable 18-hour workday. In addition, agricultural workers and African-American women who worked as domestic workers at the time were explicitly excluded from Social Security and Flsa in New Deal legislation. [63] This is because the politicians at The New Dealer were more concerned about the loss of support from Southern Democrats in Congress, who supported segregation, rather than denying coverage to many African Americans. [63] Unlike their white counterparts, African Americans did not form unions because they lacked resources, awareness, and access to the networks used to organize unions. In addition, domestic workers generally did not earn enough money to afford to be part of a union. Even if African-American domestic workers wanted to progress in society, it was almost impossible because racial structures in the United States rarely allowed them class mobility. [63] However, white domestic workers such as the Irish and Germans used work in bourgeois houses to their advantage. Working in middle-class households served Americanization, allowing workers to identify more with their employers than with women in their own class and spurring the pursuit of middle-class status. [63] In Latin America, according to the United Nations Population Fund, domestic workers (mostly women) accounted for up to 60% of internal and cross-border migrants in 2006. Migrant women from Mexico and other parts of Latin America make up the majority of the domestic workforce in the United States, accounting for 58 per cent of the workforce in personal and related services in 2000.

Data from singapore`s Ministry of Labour (MOM) showed that there were about 255,800 foreign domestic workers (FDW) in Singapore as of June 2019. [45] The demand for foreign domestic workers arose from the Singapore government`s desire to employ local women in the labour market. From the Foreign Maid Scheme in 1978, Malaysia (with which there were special immigration arrangements), Bangladesh, Burma, India, Indonesia, the Philippines, Sri Lanka and Thailand were reasons for recruiting domestic workers. [46] Nearly 20% of households in Singapore have a domestic worker attributed to growing prosperity, both working parents, and an aging population. As of 2019, MOM requires FDW employers to purchase health insurance with a minimum coverage of S$15,000 per year. [47] Where a person works can decide whether they are a domestic worker or an independent contractor. For example, a child care worker who performs his or her duties in an employer`s home may be a domestic worker. But a worker who provides exactly the same services in a daycare would be employed by that daycare. Although working in a predominantly privatized female world can be detrimental to domestic workers, many women have learned to help each other economically.

Women find that informal networks of friends and family are among the most effective and used ways to find and obtain employment. [39] Demand for domestic services is increasing due to demographic, social and employment trends. These include women working outside the home, the decline in public provision of care services, and the disappearance of expanded family support. Affordable domestic workers give other women the opportunity to work outside the home. Without the security of legal protection, many women who work without the required identity or citizenship documents are vulnerable to abuse. Some need to perform tasks considered degrading and show a manifestation of the employer`s powerlessness in the face of employees` powerlessness. .