Withdrawal Agreement Protocols

The Protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland was conceived as a stable and sustainable solution and will apply in parallel with any future Partnership Agreement. Article 4 confirms that Northern Ireland is and will remain an integral part of the customs territory of the United Kingdom. Northern Ireland is therefore part of the UK`s future trade agreements and there is nothing in the protocol to prevent an agreement allowing exports from Northern Ireland on the same basis as that of Great Britain. These documents describe the draft decisions of the Joint Committee and the draft unilateral declarations of the United Kingdom and the EU in the Joint Committee which constitute this agreement in principle. Budget. A financial agreement ensures that the UK and the EU will fulfil all their outstanding obligations under EU law, setting out the UK`s contribution to the 2019 and 2020 budgets. If the transition period is extended beyond 2020, the UK will have to make an additional contribution to the EU budget. The protocol order document for Northern Ireland contains further details on the principle of the agreement; and more information on the UK Government`s work to implement the Protocol and support businesses once it enters into force. This document was presented to Parliament on 10 December. On 17 December 2020, the Joint Committee (chaired by Gove and Šefčovič) agreed on a number of documents to give concrete effect to the agreement. [63] The Withdrawal Agreement consists of 185 articles divided into six parts and three additional protocols. The Withdrawal Agreement between the European Union and the United Kingdom sets out the conditions for an orderly withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the EU in accordance with Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. The protocol on Northern Ireland is to be welcomed in some respects.

This gives Northern Irish businesses peace of mind that trade relations with the EU (including return on investment) and the UK will remain essentially unchanged until the end of the transition period. For NI companies that only trade on the island of Ireland, the Withdrawal Agreement will provide certainty about the standstill position (including unfettered access to EU markets), even after the transition period and regardless of whether or not a UK-EU free trade agreement is concluded. The options available depend on the nature of the EU-UK trade deal in place at the time. After the United Kingdom`s withdrawal from the European Union, the Irish border became the only land border between the United Kingdom and the EU. The provisions of the EU`s internal market and the UK`s internal market require certain customs and trade controls at their external borders. The Northern Ireland Protocol is designed to protect the EU`s single market while avoiding the imposition of a “hard border” that could trigger a recurrence of conflict and destabilise the relative peace that has prevailed since the end of the unrest. The Northern Ireland Protocol, negotiated last October by British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, is part of the Withdrawal Agreement (which some have referred to as a “divorce agreement”) in which the UK left the EU on 31 January 2020. These clauses were criticised by Sinn Féin [51] and Taoiseach Micheál Martin declared that “confidence has been shaken”. [52] In October, the European Commission opened an infringement procedure[53] and in December, the EU-UK Joint Committee reached an agreement on practical aspects[54], which allowed the UK government to remove the controversial clauses before the bill came into force. [55] The European Parliament, which had not yet ratified the EU-UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement, postponed decision-making until the proposed infringement was resolved.

[73] On April 28, 2021, it was announced that the agreement had been ratified. [74] The agreement provided for a period of three months (finally until 31 March 2021) to give retailers, wholesalers and logistics companies time to adapt to the new arrangements for the movement of goods from Great Britain to Northern Ireland. .